If you are having a tingling sensation and numbness in your hands and toes or having some loss of reflexes, then you may be suffering from a condition known as Neuropathy, which is also widely called Peripheral Neuropathy. This is a condition where a person suffers from the abnormality in the nerves of his/her peripheral nervous system. When the nerve cells get damaged or ruptured, they are not able to function properly which is primarily to synchronize with each other and also the brain, then this is due to the presence of Neuropathy, as can be learnt from Nervepaintreatment.org.
There are three types of nerves who come together to form the peripheral nervous system and play a vital role in keeping you healthy and all the parts and organs in perfect shape.
Sensory nerves – Responsible for taking the messages from different senses to your brain via the spinal cord. The feeling of pain in case of an insect bite is due to the same reason.
Motor nerves – These nerves are exactly the opposite of sensory nerves,
taking message from brain to different muscles in the body. The response of
making the insect go away and rub the bite area is due to Motor nerves,
Autonomic nerves – These nerves take care of the functions which are not in your control like heart beat, BP, breathing, etc.
Symptoms and pain associated with
There are a large number of symptoms that you can suffer from, below are the most common ones.
- Sensation of tingling & Numbness in the hands and
- Severe Pain or just the opposite of it and loss of
sensations like pain, touch etc.
- State of lack of coordination and reflexes.
- Suffer from muscle weakness which can result in
difficulty in walking or function of legs and arms.
- Can suffer from spasms and cramps
- Major loss of control over the muscles
- Abnormal blood pressure or heart rate.
- Suffering from diarrhea and vomiting
- Indigestion which results in weight loss
Causes of Neuropathy
Causes of Neuropathy are plenty, and do not occur due to any single irregularity. Commonly it is divided into two – First being hereditary which passes from one generation to the other and is almost impossible to cure.
Second being acquired which is highly common type of neuropathy that occurs worldwide. Some of the causes are trauma of any sudden event, infections like HIV, systemic diseases like kidney disorder or cancers, medication and vascular disorders. Alcoholism is also a major reason for neuropathy, consumption of high quantity of alcohol can risk the amount of thiamine from the body.
In case the cause behind the neuropathy is not possible to find, it falls into the category of Idiopathic Neuropathy. Around 30% to 40% cases of the total are Idiopathic and other 30% being the result of diabetes.
Prevention of Neuropathy
Foremost things that you need to take care of are the medical conditions like diabetes and the habit of Alcoholism. Some other preventive measures are the lifestyle choices such as
- Consuming a diet made up of green vegetables, fruits, grains and proteins which are rich in nutrients.
- Go for regular exercising which keeps you fit.
- Avoid risk factors like smoking, chemicals, etc.
This is all you need to know about Neuropathy and Nerve damage in the best and brief way possible, to avoid neuropathy by taking prevention methods or get the treatment started as soon as you encounter any of the symptoms.